Surgical Treatment of Meniscus Tear
If your injury is acute and you wish to return to high-level athletics as soon as possible, surgery may become necessary. Because the meniscus facilitates load transmission, stability, shock absorption, position and movement, repair is the treatment of choice. However, most tears are not repairable. Repair is only an option when the tear is on the outer edge of the meniscus where there is still blood flow to help with healing. When it’s an inner-edge tear, with no blood flow, the damaged tissue must be removed. The majority of patients have meniscus tears that are non repairable.
The surgical procedure for torn meniscus also called, arthroscopic meniscectomy, removes the torn portion of the meniscus. A meniscus repair involves suturing the torn portion of the meniscus together. Recovery time varies depending on the type of surgery you have. A rehabilitation program is critical to the long term outcome of the knee to include special exercises to restore range of motion, strength and mobility.
Physical therapy can help strengthen the muscles around the knee and in your legs to help stabilize and support the knee joint. Arch supports or other shoe inserts can help to distribute force more evenly around your knee or decrease stress on certain areas of the knee.