Knee2019-04-10T12:19:25-04:00

Knee

knee Blacksburg VA

The knee is stabilized and protected by an intricate system of ligaments, cartilage and muscles. Our knees are on the go every day. Sports, work and activities of daily life can take a toll. A sudden movement in the wrong direction, a twist with a planted foot or the cumulative effects of long-term wear and tear can lead to damage in one or more of the structures of the knee.

When this happens, it is time to see an expert. Sideline Orthopedics provides comprehensive care for conditions and injuries of the knee joint. We focus first on conservative treatments, or non-surgical ways to help you heal and restore function to your knee. Our conservative treatments include medication, injections, activity modification and physical therapy.

When conservative measures fail to give you the relief you need to maintain your quality of life, our team will offer the appropriate surgical treatments followed by a physical therapy program. Most surgeries of the knee are performed with minimally invasive arthroscopic techniques to offer a quicker healing time and a reduced risk of complications. From ACL reconstruction to total knee replacements, Sideline Orthopedics has the expertise to get you back on your feet and back in the game.

Sideline Orthopedics specializes in reconstruction, repair and replacement procedures of the knee. We are proud to offer comprehensive and high quality knee care.

The ligaments around the knee are strong. However, they can become injured. The ligaments may be stretched (sprained), or sometimes torn (ruptured). A ligament rupture can be partial (some of the fibers that make up the ligament are torn) or complete (the ligament is torn through completely). The majority of knee ligament injuries are sprains and not tears and they tend to resolve quickly.

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PLC injuries most often occur as a result of trauma during a sporting event. The knee becomes hyperextended and an inward force plus a rotation force is applied to the knee. Posterolateral corner injuries usually cause pain at the back and outside of the knee.

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Multi-ligament knee injuries generally occur in high-impact sports where people are struck or tackled, such as football. Other causes include traumatic injury, a direct blow to the knee, skiing or automobile accidents, or a fall from a height.

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Osteoarthritis, or “wear-and-tear” arthritis, is caused when the cartilage that protects your bones wears away. When this happens, the bones of the joints rub against one another with less of the shock-absorbing benefits of cartilage. The rubbing results in pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased ability to move and, sometimes, the formation of bone spurs.

Knee replacement surgery, also called knee arthroplasty, can help relieve pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. The replacement procedure involves cutting away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap, and replacing it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers.

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A common knee injury is a tear in the meniscus. The meniscus is a rubbery C-shaped disc that provides cushion in your knees. Each knee has two menisci, one on the outer edge of the knee and one on the inner edge. Through proper diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation, it is possible to return to your pre-injury activities and activity level.

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Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that used to diagnose and treat problems of the knee joint. Arthroscopy diagnoses several knee problems, such as a tear in the meniscus or a misaligned patella (kneecap). Arthroscopic procedures can also allow the doctor to repair the ligaments of the joint. 

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The menisci perform a critically important job in the knee to provide stability, to act as a cushion against compressive loads, and to ensure overall joint health. Meniscal transplantation is a reasonable option in young, active patients with symptomatic meniscal deficiency following the removal of a large portion of the meniscus.

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The patella, or kneecap lies in front of the knee joint. The patella glides up and down a groove called the patellofemoral groove located at the front of the thigh bone or femur as the knee bends. The patella is attached to the quadriceps muscle by way of the quadriceps tendon and acts to increase the leverage from this muscle group when straightening the knee.

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Inflammation of the quadriceps tendon, also known as quadriceps tendinitis, weakens the tendon. The inflammation may also cause small tears. Quadriceps tendinitis is most common in people who run and participate in sports that involve jumping.

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Plica syndrome is often characterized by anterior knee pain, commonly found along the superomedial aspect of the knee. The plica is considered to be a structure in the knee lacking significant function or importance.

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Each of your knees has 11 bursae. Any of these bursae can become inflamed, but knee bursitis most commonly occurs over the kneecap, or on the inner side of your knee below the joint. Bursitis of the knee causes pain and can limit your mobility.

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The kneecap (patella) acts like a shield for your knee joint, it can easily be broken. Falling directly onto your knee, for example, is a common cause of patellar fractures.

These fractures are serious injuries and often require surgery to heal. Over the long term, they may cause arthritis in the knee.

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During knee replacement surgery, the surgeon surgically removes the damaged bone and cartilage of the joint and replaces it with smooth, artificial implants – thereby eliminating painful bone-on-bone contact.

Almost all knee replacement implants consist of a four-part system…

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In a small percentage of patients, as with all major surgical procedures, complications can occur. Below is a list of potential complications and steps you can take to minimize their occurrence:

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The knee is a complex joint made up of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage. It may be described as a hinge joint, similar to the hinge on a door. The knee not only bends back and forth but also has a complex rotational component that occurs with flexion and extension.

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Rheumatoid arthritis is a form of inflammatory arthritis and an autoimmune disease. For reasons no one fully understands, in rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system – which is designed to protect our health by attacking foreign cells such as viruses and bacteria – instead attacks the body’s own tissues, specifically the synovium, a thin membrane that lines the joints.

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One form of arthritis in the knee joint occurs as a result of degeneration of the cartilage in your knee. Osteoarthritis is commonly referred to as “wear and tear” arthritis or degenerative arthritis, and is the most common cause for total knee replacement surgery.

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Recommendations for surgery are based on a patient’s pain and disability, not age. Most patients who undergo total knee replacement are age 50 to 801, but orthopaedic surgeons evaluate patients individually.

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Total knee replacement surgery is considered when all other conservative measures have failed to provide successful intervention, and may be performed for many reasons.

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A brief overview of the activities that will occur on the day of your knee surgery.

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A brief overview of the activities that typically occur on your surgery day.

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After your surgery is completed, you will be transported to the recovery room for close observation of your vital signs, circulation, and sensation in your legs and feet. As soon as you awaken and your condition is stabilized, you will be transferred to your room. Here is an example of what you may see when you wake up.

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n order for you to meet the goals of knee replacement surgery, you must take ownership of the rehab process and work diligently on your own, as well as with your physical therapist, to achieve optimal clinical and functional results. The rehabilitation process following total knee replacement surgery can be quite painful at times.

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VERILAST Knee

If knee replacement is in your future, you’ve come to the right place to learn about one of the truly significant advancements in joint replacement materials in the past 20 years, VERILAST Knee Technology.

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We understand that “30 years of wear performance” is a pretty significant statement for any implant manufacturer to make. That’s why we want you to see how we can back it up.

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The ligaments around the knee are strong. However, they can become injured. The ligaments may be stretched (sprained), or sometimes torn (ruptured). A ligament rupture can be partial (some of the fibers that make up the ligament are torn) or complete (the ligament is torn through completely). The majority of knee ligament injuries are sprains and not tears and they tend to resolve quickly.

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As remarkable as OXINIUM Oxidized Zirconium is, it is the combination of the OXINIUM material on XLPE that makes VERILAST Technology.

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NAVIOSurgical System

At Sideline Orthopedics, our doctors have performed over 2,000 robotics-assisted knee replacements and we’re proud to be the first in the region to offer robotics-assisted knee surgery to our patients.

The NAVIO system is an advancement in the way our orthopedic surgeons perform partial knee replacement. The system works in conjunction with our surgeon’s skilled hands to achieve the precise positioning of the knee implant based on each patient’s unique anatomy.

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Meet the NAVIO Surgical System, a robotics-assisted knee surgery platform that adds an extra layer of pre-surgical planning and improved precision for partial and total knee replacement procedures.

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For people suffering from knee pain caused by osteoarthritis, whose damage is limited to a single compartment or area of the knee, partial knee replacement may be an option because it preserves healthy bone and ligaments while replacing the damaged area. The NAVIO Surgical System uses robotics-assisted technology to help tailor partial knee replacement procedures to the unique shape and motion of each patient’s knee anatomy.

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More than 600,000 total knee replacement procedures are performed each year in the U.S. and more than 90% of these patients experience a dramatic relief in knee pain and are better able to perform common activities. The NAVIO Surgical System delivers robotics-assisted tools designed to help tailor your total knee replacement surgery to the unique shape and motion of your knee.

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READY TO GET BACK IN THE GAME?

Walk-In Clinics are Back at Sideline!

Monday, Wednesday & Thursday: 8 am to 11:30 am & 1 pm to 4pm
Tuesday & Friday: 1 pm to 4 pm

 The Sideline Orthopedics and Sports Medicine Walk-In Clinic is recommended for: