Osteoarthritis (OA) of the Hip 2016-10-12T12:39:54+00:00

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the Hip

hip pain orthopedic specialist Blacksburg VA

Treatments and Procedures for Degenerative Arthritis of the Hip

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. It is also known as degenerative joint disease or arthritis related to the aging process. Inflammation or injury to a joint can break down the cartilage tissue. Cartilage is a firm, rubbery material that covers the ends of the bones to reduce friction in the joints. It is the joint’s shock absorbers. Although cartilage may repair itself slightly when injured, our bodies do not grow new cartilage. Some of the contributing factors of OA include:

  • Aging
  • Joint Injury
  • Overweight
  • Inherited defects of the cartilage

Symptoms of Hip OA 

Patients who have OA of the hip may have trouble walking. The pain can appear in different locations throughout the joint including the groin area, thigh, buttocks or knee. The pain may be stabbing and sharp or a dull ache. Other symptoms include:

  • Joint stiffness especially upon waking or after sitting for long periods of time.
  • Pain and tenderness in the hip joint.
  • Feeling or hearing a crunching of bone against bone.
  • Decrease in the ability of the hip to perform routine activities such as putting on socks.
  • Pain in the groin area.

Treatment of Hip OA

Sideline Orthopedics begins treatment with a non-surgical approach to try and alleviate pain and restore quality of life. Pain management is among the first line of treatment. Conservative treatment modalities may consist of:

  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Rest or reduction of activities
  • Activity modification
  • Weight loss
  • Diet rich in omega 3s can reduce signs of arthritis in cartilage
  • Compress – apply heat for stiffness and cold compress for swollen joints
  • Physical therapy to strengthen muscles
  • Corticosteroid injection can calm inflammation directly at the source.

Surgical Treatment of Hip OA

Surgery is an option for patients who do not respond to conservative measures. Dr. Bart Eastwood is fellowship trained in hip arthroscopy and provides high quality care and state-of-the-art surgical techniques to patients with hip injuries.

Very early cases of OA associated with FAI may benefit from hip arthroscopy. Those cases with advanced symptoms and loss of joint space may need a hip replacement.

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